Analytical technique

The underlying analytical method used within a DSS


A program or piece of software designed to fulfil a particular purpose


A piece of information which determines the properties of a field or tag in a database or a string of characters in a display.

Calibration and Validation

The adjustment of results to take create best alignment with existing data for the relationship being modelled, and process of checking output to ensure that results are valid in comparison to the known system.

Case study

A particular instance of something used or analysed in order to illustrate a thesis or principle.

Community Wellbeing

Community well being includes the dimensions of environmental, social, cultural and economic.


Increasing or increased in quantity, degree, or force by successive additions

Decision support system

Is a model or framework that can be used to assist with analysis and decision-making within an organization.


They can be a computer program or model. They can be a simple single model or framework or complex linked models.

Deliberation matrix

 Is a deliberative tool that can be used to analyses complex problems and provide insights into structures, behaviours and management options.  

Deliberation process

A process of thoughtfully weighing options, usually prior to voting. In legal settings a jury famously uses deliberation because it is given specific options, like guilty or not guilty, along with information and arguments to evaluate.

Deliberation emphasizes the use of logic and reason as opposed to power-struggle, creativity, or dialog.


A file which consists solely of a set of other files (which may themselves be directories).

Dynamic Model

 A dynamic model is used to express and model the behavior of a system over time and is characterised by the ability to reflect change, activity, or progress.

Futures thinking

Also known as futures studies is the study of postulating possible, probable, and preferable futures and the worldviews and myths that underlie them.


Proceeding to a solution by trial and error or by rules that are only loosely defined.

Integrated decision support system

The term refers to an interactive computerised system that gathers and presents data from a wide range of sources and where the data is integrated in some way. DSS applications are systems and subsystems that help people make decisions based on data that is culled from a wide range of sources. 


A device or program enabling a user to communicate with a computer:  or a device or program for connecting two items of hardware or software so that they can be operated jointly or communicate with each other


A set of data that describes and gives information about other data.


A simplified description, especially a mathematical one, of a system or process, to assist calculations and predictions

Non-spatial Model/DSS

A model or DSS which does not use Geographic Information Systems technologies to support with data analysis and does not have the ability to provide information in a spatial manner.


A numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation: or a quantity whose value is slected for the particular circumstances and in relation to which other variable quantities may be expressed


Relating to, measuring, or measured by the quality of something rather than its quantity


Relating to, measuring, or measured by the quantity of something rather than its quality


Scenarios are outlines or narratives that describe a plausible future situation. Scnerarios are able to be assessed and evaluated using one or more DSS's.

Spatial Model.DSS

One sub-category of decision support systems described by its dominant representation is a Spatial DSS. A Spatial DSS uses Geographic Information Systems technologies to support managers in analyzing data with a geographic or spatial component. A Spatial DSS may be either a data-driven or a model-driven DSS.