CLUES is a modelling system for assessing the effects of land use change on water quality and socio-economic factors at a minimum scale of sub-catchments (~10 km2 and above). CLUES was developed for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) in association with the Ministry for the Environment (MfE) by NIWA, in collaboration with Lincoln Ventures, Harris Consulting, AgResearch, HortResearch, Crop and Food Research, and Landcare Research. CLUES couples a number of existing models within a GIS-platform and is provided to users as a front-end interface for ArcGIS which queries a geo-spatial database (Figure 2-1). The CLUES interface has tools which allow users to develop land use change and farm practice scenarios. The latter refer to percentate adjustments to stocking rates and contaminant yields from stock. CLUES models nitrogen and phosphorus loads in streams in specific locations under different land-use scenarios. Links to socio-economic models mean that the effects of a large-scale change in land-use, say from grazing livestock to viticulture, on local communities can also be predicted. The CLUES project includes creating national maps of land use, soils, and pollution risk, plus extensive databases predicting nitrogen leaching for many combinations of crop, fertiliser, climate, and soils. Land-use types which can be analysed include arable, horticulture, forestry, and several sheep, beef, dairy, and deer farming variations. The initial impetus for CLUES development came from MAF, who wanted 'what if'' scenarios to be modelled at large scales. A number of existing modelling and mapping procedures, developed by various research organisations, have been amalgamated to produce CLUES.
CLUES is a catchment-based model developed to address “what if” scenarios under different land use at large scales. CLUES predicts the impacts of land use changes on river quality and socio-economic indicators, e.g. GDP, or employment. It also identifies sensitive and at risk catchments.
|Latest Version||CLUES 10 for ArcGIS 10|
|State of Development||Released and updated|
|Outcome Areas||Economic, Environmental|
|Management Domains||Land, Freshwater|
|Intended End Users||Regional Councils|
|Steady State or Dynamic||Steady State|
|Level of Integration||Economic, Environmental|
|Key Input Data||Macro-economic data, Land Use, Land Cover, Rainfall, Runoff, Drainage|
|Input Data Formats||CSV, GIS compatible files|
|Key Output Data||Runoff Water quality|
|Output Data Formats||CSV, Image File(s), GIS Compatible Files|
|Open/Closed Source||Closed Source|
|Licence Type||Licence appended to manual.|
|Licence Purchase Contact||
|Operating Systems||MS Windows|
|User Interface||Graphical desktop|
|Ease of Use||Moderate|
|Use in Policy Process||Plan (Policy Formulation), Review (Issue Identification)|
Software and manual available from: http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/rma/nes-onsite-wastewater-systems-discussion-jul08/html/index.html Contact CLUES@niwa.co.nz with any problems
|Support||Ongoing maintenance and support - contact CLUES@niwa.co.nz|
|Users Forum||Regular updates available upon registration to user group - contact CLUES@niwa.co.nz|
|Methods included for calibration and validation||See manual|
See manual for further detail
|Keywords||land use, water quality, socio-economic, catchment|
|Linkages to other Models|
Semadeni-Davies, A., Shankar, U. and Elliott, S. (2012) CLUES 10 Installation and Interface: Addendum to the CLUES 3.1 User Manual. Prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. NIWA Client Report: AKL2012-007.
Semadeni-Davies, A.; Elliott, S. and Shankar, U. (2011) The CLUES Project: Tutorial manual for CLUES 3.0. Commissioned by Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, NIWA Client Report: HAM2011-003
Woods, R.; Elliott, S.; Shankar, U.; Bidwell, V.; Harris, S.; Wheeler, D.; Clothier, B.; Green, S.; Hewitt, A.; Gibb, R. & Parfitt, R. (2006). The CLUES Project: Predicting the Effects of Land use on Water Quality – Stage II. Prepared for Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry by NIWA, Client Report: CHC2006–096
Monaghan, R.M.; Semadeni-Davies, A.; Muirhead, R.W. Elliott S. and Shankar U. (2010) Land use and land management risks to water quality in Southland. AgResearch Client Report, prepared for Environment Southland.
McBride, G.B.; Rys, G.; Elliott, S.; Shankar, U.; Semadeni-Davies, A. (2008). "CLUES: Do we have any idea about the nutrient impacts of land use change at the catchment level?" Fertiliser & Lime Research Centre, Massey University, 21st Annual Workshop: Carbon and nutrient management in agriculture: Addressing the hard questions. 13–15 February.