WISE is an integrated spatial decision support system is intended to support regional policy development, planning and resource management. It allows future scenarios to be explored and evaluated. The model provides projected outcomes for land use, environmental, economic, and demographic indicators. These scenario outcomes can be used to inform community engagement, policy development and political decision making.
The Waikato Integrated Scenario Explorer (WISE) is an Integrated Spatial Decision Support System (ISDSS) designed specifically for New Zealand which focuses on the Waikato region.
It is developed as part of the Creating Futures project (www.creatingfutures.org.nz), a 4-year project (2006–2010) funded by the New Zealand Foundation for Research, Science, and Technology. The project brought together a regional council (Waikato Regional Council) and several research partners in New Zealand and from overseas to provide better knowledge, methods, and tools to support long-term integrated planning.
WISE uses knowledge, models, data and parameters obtained from several central and local government agencies and research organisations, including the project partners. Its principal purpose is to support policy, planning and decision-making through integrated scenario planning.
WISE is a dynamic, spatially-explicit computer simulation model that integrates economic, demographic, environmental (climate, hydrology, water quality, biodiversity) and land use (suitability, accessibility, local influence, zoning) information to assess the effects and trade-offs of alternative future development scenarios or the consequences of policy options.
The WISE model is setup with a 'Reference' scenario which represents the modelled projections of population and economic growth for the Region and the current policies and plans that influence growth and land use development. The WISE User Interface allows for these key drivers to be changed to represent alternate scenarios of policy outcomes on economic/population growth and land use.
WISE - User Interface
Additional spatial layers can be easily imported into WISE to represent new/additional land use zoning or changes in suitability or accessibility for specific land uses as part of creating alternative scenarios.
Both numerical and graphical indicators are outputs from WISE. Further manipulation and analysis of scenario results can also be undertaken through additional spatial analysis (GIS).
|State of Development||Stable Release|
|Current Development Activity||Development is on-going. Development is dependent on the requirements of Waikato Regional Council.|
|Outcome Areas||Economic, Environmental, Social|
|Management Domains||Land, Urban Systems, Biodiversity, Freshwater, Ecosystem Services|
|Subdomains||Contaminant Losses, Ecosystem/Habitat, Transport, Land Use|
|Intended End Users||Initially regional councils but could be adapted or applied to cities, districts, catchments, sectors, etc depending upon need.|
|Spatial Extents||Local (i.e. Catchment or District), Regional|
|Steady State or Dynamic||Dynamic|
|Level of Integration||Economic, Environmental, Social|
|Key Input Data||Macro-economic data, Land Use, Land Cover, Rainfall, Temperature, Population cohorts, Migration, Fertility|
|Input Data Formats||GIS compatible files|
|Key Output Data||Macro-economic data, Land Use, Population cohorts|
|Output Data Formats||XLS(S), CSV, Image File(s), GIS Compatible Files|
|Open/Closed Source||Closed Source|
|Operating Systems||MS Windows|
|User Interface||Graphical desktop|
|Ease of Use||
There is an inital level of learning required to understand how DSS works, the underlying assumptions, what parameters can be altered and what outputs can be created. This can all be done using a 'base-line' scenario.
Developing and loading specific scenarios into WISE is more technical and can require expert input and review to ensure meaningful outputs are generated.
|Use in Policy Process||Plan (Policy Formulation), Review (Issue Identification)|
WISE Technical Specifications and User Manuals are available from WISE Website
|Support||High via WRC and RIKS. Individual contributors can also be called upon for their expertise and assistance.|
|Users Forum||RIKS has a users forum. There is currently no users forum for WISE, although one may be developed as WRC gains experience and possibly shares WISE with other organisations in the region.|
|Analytical Techniques||Spatial Dynamics|
|Keywords||regional policy, planning, resource management|
|Linkages to other Models|
WISE includes 1) Sparrow, which is also a component of CLUES; 2) climate change projections from NIWA that are used in numerous studies of climate change; 3) the Waikato Regional Dynamic Economy-Environment model that also exists as a stand-alone module used by WRC and was based on a model orginally developed for Auckland; 4) Threatened Environments, PAN-NZ and LENZ which is used nationally to assess representativeness; and 5) the RIKS land-use change model, which is found in numerous other decision support system internationally as well as emerging systems in Wellington and Auckland regions.
For a range of resources see: http://www.creatingfutures.org.nz/resources/
This report sets out the principles of how the ETS can be utilised at a regional level to encourage forestry plantings and associated environmental benefits.
The key questions that were of interest to Waipa DC with respect to draft Growth Strategy were: